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§ 23-1.22: Structural Runways, Ramps, and Platforms

Home » Construction Accidents » New York Codes for Construction Worker Safety » § 23-1.22: Structural Runways, Ramps, and Platforms

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Industrial Code § 23-1.22 Structural Runways, Ramps, and Platforms

Section 23-1.22 provides various protections to workers on work sites who must use runways, ramps, and platforms. The code does not provide regulations for runways made of gravel, stone, earth, or any other similar embankment. The code does provide restrictions and requirements regarding the structure of the runways, ramps, and platforms, as well as size and height regulations.

Runways and Ramps

All ramps and runways must be substantially made and secured with braces and supports. If the ramp or runway is to be used by vehicles, it must meet certain requirements:

  • The ramp or runway must be no less than 12 feet in width for a single lane or 24 feet in width for two lanes.
  • The ramp or runway must have timber curbs measuring 10 inches by 10 inches and must be full size timber located parallel to the sides of the ramp or runway, and secured.
  • The ramp or runway must have flooring that is effectively secured protecting against movement, and have planking measuring three inches thick or more or metal equal in strength.

If the runway or ramp is to be used to persons only, the length must be at least 18 inches wide and have planking at least 2 inches minimum or metal of equal strength. It must be supported and braced to protect the workers from excess spring, deflection, or movement. If planking is necessary, it should be butt jointed in nailed secure. If the runway or ramp is higher than four feet from the ground or surface level, safety railings must be provided.

For use of wheelbarrows on the ramps and runways, the width must be a minimum of 48 inches, constructed of planking at least two inches thick or equally strong metal. They must also have timber curbs and bracing in four-foot intervals.


To protect workers on platforms, certain requirements must be met. For instance, the floor planking must be at least two inches thick full size, metal of equal strength, or exterior grade plywood measuring three-quarters of an inch thick when used as a working area or to unload hand carts or trucks, power buggies, or wheelbarrows. If used for vehicles, the planking must be three inches thick full size or made of an equally strong metal.

Should the platform stand more than seven feet above the ground or working surface, safety railings must be provided on all sides except for the side used for loading or unloading. These sides should have 10 inch by 10 inch timber curbs for protection when using a vehicle. If the side is being used for wheelbarrows, hand carts or hand trucks, or power buggies, the timber curbs should measure a minimum of two inches by eight inches.

All needle beam scaffold platforms, ladder jack scaffold platforms, floats and rivet heater platforms, and trestle and extension trestle ladder scaffold platforms are exempt from the requirements of safety curbs and railings.

Injured? Call a New York City Construction Accident Lawyer

Did your employer fail to provide the necessary safety measures before having you work on a platform, runway, or ramp? Were you injured as a result? It is important to understand your rights and speak with a New York City construction accident attorney who understands the New York City Labor Codes. At The Perecman Firm, P.L.L.C., we know how to protect the rights of our clients, guiding them through the often complex legal system and helping them seek the compensation they deserve. If you have been harmed, don’t hesitate in calling our firm at (212) 577-9325 and speaking with us about what options you may have.

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The Perecman Firm, P.L.L.C.'s team of NYC personal injury attorneys have recovered more than $500 million in verdicts and settlements for their clients. We understand the financial and emotional toll a serious accident can have on your life. That’s why we dedicate ourselves to maximizing your recovery and securing what you deserve.

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