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Key Terms Relating to Personal Injury Cases

Assault and Battery – Assault and battery are two separate legal claims. They are regularly cited together because they are closely related. An assault is when a person puts another person in immediate fear that they will be hurt. Battery is when there is actual physical contact that causes harm.

Birth Injuries When a baby is hurt during delivery and the injury is someone’s fault, it is called a birth injury. Most often, this type of injury occurs when a medical professional makes a mistake during the delivery of a baby and the child is injured.

Catastrophic Injuries – Catastrophic injuries are extremely bad and cause long-term damage and/or require a significant amount of medical treatment. The causes of catastrophic injuries are as varied as the injuries themselves.

Exploitation of a Nursing Home Resident – Sometimes, people who are put in nursing homes are taken advantage of rather than given proper care. This can happen when someone threatens or otherwise manipulates a nursing home resident into giving away their money or property. In most cases where a nursing home resident is taken advantage of financially, there may be a claim for exploitation.

Licensee – This term is often used to describe a person who is given permission to enter another person’s property to perform some sort of work. Once the owner of a property gives another person permission to enter their property, they have certain responsibilities to look out for the licensee. If the owner doesn’t warn the licensee of dangers on the property, or keep the property safe, the owner may be responsible for any injuries suffered by the licensee while on the owner’s property.

Medical Malpractice Whenever a medical professional fails to perform their duties in accordance with the industry’s standard of care, they risk being accused of medical malpractice. If a patient is injured as a result of the medical professional’s failure to perform to industry standards, that patient may have a legal claim for medical malpractice.

Soft Tissue Injuries – The soft tissue of the body includes ligaments, tendons and muscles. This tissue can be torn, bruised, or injured in many different ways. It is important to note that bones and internal organs aren’t thought of as soft tissue.

Workers’ Compensation – This law protects workers who have been hurt during the performance of their job duties. There are a variety of monetary awards that can be recovered under a workers’ compensation claim including money for rehabilitation, lost salary, or cost of medical treatment. There are both U.S. federal and state benefits that can be extended to workers who have been injured on the job.

Wrongful Death – Sometimes people are fatally injured by the negligence of another person. In these cases, loved ones who survive may have a claim against the person whose negligence caused the death of their loved one.


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